Today in History

1911 Theodore Roosevelt opens the Roosevelt Dam in Phoenix, AZ, the largest dam in the United States to that date.
1913 Greek King George I is killed by an assassin. Constantine I succeeds him.
1916 On the Eastern Front, the Russians counter the Verdun assault with an attack at Lake Naroch. The Russians lose 100,000 men and the Germans lose 20,000.
1917 The Germans sink the U.S. ships, the City of Memphis, the Vigilante and the Illinois without any type of warning.
1921 The second Peace of Riga takes effect ending the Polish-Soviet War. In the aftermath of the war, the Poles gained land previously held by the Soviets.

Prior to the outbreak of WWII, the Soviets refused to enter into an alliance with Britain and France without guaranteed passage through Poland to allow access to mainland Europe, in the event of a war. The Poles, due to anxiety about a Soviet presence in their territory, denied the USSR access. This denial helped to foil any alliance between the three nations. The treaty became null after the Soviet’s invaded Poland on September 18, 1939. [From MHQ—The Quarterly Journal of Military History]
1922 Mahatma Gandhi is sentenced to six years in prison for civil disobedience in India.
1939 Georgia finally ratifies the Bill of Rights, 150 years after the birth of the federal government. Connecticut and Massachusetts, the only other states to hold out, also ratify the Bill of Rights in this year.
1942 The third military draft begins in the United States.
1943 Adolf Hitler calls off the offensive in the Caucasus.
1944 The Russians reach the Romanian border.
1950 Nationalist troops land on the mainland of China and capture Communist-held Sungmen.
1953 The Braves baseball team announces that they are moving from Boston to Milwaukee.
1965 Cosmonaut Alexei Leonov becomes the first man to spacewalk when he exits his Voskhod 2 space capsule while in orbit around the Earth.
1969 President Richard M. Nixon authorizes Operation Menu, the ‘secret’ bombing of Cambodia.
1970 The U.S. Postal Service is paralyzed by the first postal strike.
1971 U.S. helicopters airlift 1,000 South Vietnamese soldiers out of Laos.
1975 South Vietnam abandons most of the Central Highlands to North Vietnamese forces.
1977 Congo President Marien Ngouabi is killed by a suicide commando.
1981 The United States discloses biological weapons tests in Texas in 1966.
1986 Buckingham Palace announces the engagement of Prince Andrew to Sarah Ferguson.